Broadwoodwidger

.

broadwood-church

Broadwoodwidger is a village and civil parish in the Torridge district of Devon, England. The village is just to the north of the A30 road, and is about eight miles east of Launceston in Cornwall, and 13 miles west of Okehampton. Roadford Reservoir, which is also called Roadford Lake, is to the north-east of the village, and the River Wolf passes at the bottom of the hillside on which the village stands. Reportedly to be the second largest in Devon, Broadwoodwidger is made up of many Hamlets spread around the parish, as well as the Churchtown there is also Rixton, Kellacott and Upcott. Also known as Bradwood Widger. A parish in Lifton Hundred, the Archdeaconry of Totnes and the Diocese of Exeter. According to Peskett: “this parish was transferred during the period 1875 to ca 1919 to the deanery of Trigg Major and Archdeaconry of Cornwall.” Parish Registers going back to 1654 are held in the Devon Record Office. A new 91 child capacity school was opened at Ivy House in July, 1880. Built of Halwill stone and granite dressings, covered with Delabole Slate and Bangor strings, the construction was carried out by Halwill builder Marwood White to a design by Launceston architect Charles Wise. Another Wise designed school was also opened at the same time at Thorn Cross, this school with a capacity to hold some 80 children. Built by Broadwood builders Squire and Hill, it was constructed of local stone with white brick dressings. Both these schools have now closed and the buildings have been converted for residential use.

In 1987 – 88 excavation  of the “lost” village of Hennard Mill (below) took place, this medieval settlement, originally part of the Doomsday Manor of Southweek, but only a single cottage was still standing in 1987.  Excavation revealed the well-preserved remains of as many as nine buildings including two mills, with one being a Grist Mill.

Hennards Mill.

 

In 1857 a public House was opened called the ‘Union Inn.’ This remained in use until March 1957 when the owners, ‘City Brewery Company,’ transferred its licence to the ‘Junction Inn’ at Halwill. By this time the ‘Union Inn’ had become unprofitable. The transfer went ahead despite a valiant effort by the parishioners to keep it open, with Mr. J. Trickey providing a petition by 91 villagers asking for the licence to be kept.

White’s Devonshire Directory of 1850 for Broadwood.

Morris and Co.’s Commercial Directory and Gazetteer 1870 for Broadwood.


Those from Broadwoodwidger that served their country during World War One
O Denotes that they died or were killed during the course of the war.

 

James Avery

j-avery

James was the eldest son of John and Emma Jane Avery being born in 1883 at Broadwood. His father was a Farm Labourer. He had enlisted with the Royal Field Artillery in the early 1900’s serving a term of five years, retiring with good conduct and an exemplary character. In 1911 he was living with his wife Annie (nee Hicks) and four year old son Francis at Tower street, Launceston and working as a Ironmongers Porter. By 1914 he was the caretaker of the Launceston Sewage works at St. Leonards. The day after the declaration of war he left to re-join his Regiment before even getting the call to colours. He served with the 23rd Battery of the R.F.A. As a Driver. He was soon at the front being engaged in the battle of Mons, the very first battle that the B.E.F. Took part in. He was also at the battle of Ham and three other engagements, during which he was fortunate in escaping lightly, when his horse was shot under him and he fell in a ditch. He escaped with a sprained ankle and straining of the thigh muscles.

Frank Avery
Frank was another son of John and Emma Jane Avery born in 1893 at Broadwood. His father was a Farm Labourer. On leaving school Frank went to work for Mr. Thomas Ward at Fernhill, Broadwood as a Farm worker. He enlisted in the army with the possible Regimental No’s. 86550 and 1013868.

Samuel Avery
Samuel was on the 24th of August 1889 at Lifton, Devon, yet another son of John and Emma Jane Avery . His father was a Farm Labourer. He enlisted on the 8th of August 1907 with the Royal Navy (Service No. 236216) serving as a Leading seaman aboard ‘HMS Marlborough’ at the beginning of the war. He had served upon many ships during his service including the ‘Cumberland’, ‘Defiance’, and ‘Argyll’. On the 4th of September 1917 he was promoted to acting gunner aboard ‘HMS Defiance’. He was awarded the D.S.M. For conspicuous gallantry in handling his gun in several engagements. He was also awarded the French M.M. He survived the war.

William Avery
William was born on the 17th of March 1885 at Northlew, Devon and was yet another son of John and Emma Jane Avery . His father was a Farm Labourer. He joined the Royal Navy on the 17th of March 1903 (Service No. 212620). He served upon many ships during his career including ‘HMS Tiger’ during the war years by which time he had risen to an Able Seaman. He finally finished his Naval service on the 20th of March 1924.

Samuel Bradford
There is no information available other than he was with the Army reserve.

Edward John Bridgeman
Edward or John as he was known was born in 1898 to Richard and Rebecca Bridgeman at Downacary, Broadwood (St. Giles). His father was a farmer and on leaving school John worked on his fathers farm. There is no record of his military service other than an entry in the Cornish and Devon Post.

Walter Hampton Bridgeman O

walter-hampton-bridgeman
Walter was John above’s brother being born in 1899 to Richard and Rebecca Bridgeman at Downacary, Broadwood (St. Giles). His father was a farmer and on leaving school Walter worked on his fathers farm. Walter enlisted whilst underage with the Devonshire Regiment (Regimental No. 205160) serving with the 2nd Battalion. He rose to the rank of Sergeant. He was killed in action on the 27th of May 1918 in Champaign, France.

Fred Burnett
Fred was born in 1891 to John and Sarah Ann Burnett at Alverdiscott, Torrington. He was the brother of Froude and Frank below. His father worked as a gamekeeper. By 1911 Fred is working as a Railway Clerk. There is no information on his military record other than he was serving with the Army.

Froude Burnett
Froude was born in 1896 to John and Sarah Ann Burnett at Ashwater. His father worked as a gamekeeper. On leaving school Froude worked as a Morning Postman. He enlisted with the Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry (Regimental No. 3/4917) rising to 2nd Lieutenant. He was wounded in 1916. (He had two brothers also serving with Frank being killed in December 1914). He was awarded the Military Medal in February 1918.

Frank Burnett O

frank-burnett-1
Frank was Froude’s elder brother being born in 1892 to John and Sarah Ann Burnett at Ashwater. His father worked as a gamekeeper. In 1911 he is living with his brother-in-law John Newbery at Ashwater and working as a Timber Sawyer. He enlisted at Devonport joining the Scots Guards (Regimental No. 8578). He soon rose to the rank of Lance Corporal but was killed in action on the 18th of December 1914.

Edward John Coombe
Edward was born on the 8th of December 1892 to James and Sarah Coombe in Launceston. His father passed away and Sarah remarried. His Step-father William Henry was a Road man and in 1911 the family were living at Kellacott, Broadwood. On leaving school Edward worked as a Journeyman Tailor. He joined the Royal Navy (Service No. L4328) in December 1912. H e served upon just the one ship ‘HMS Bellerophon’ which took part at The ‘Battle of Jutland’ where she fired 62 12 inch rounds receiving no damage in return. Edward was demobbed in March of 1919. He died in 1925 at Launceston.

Frederick Cole
Fred was born in 1895 to Samuel and Eva Cole at Bratton Clovelly. His father was a Farm Waggoner. On leaving school Fred worked as a Carter on a farm. He enlisted with the Devonshire Regiment serving with the 6th Battalion as a lance corporal.

Albert Ernest Down
Albert was born in 1892 to Eber and Susannah Down at Hampool, Bickleigh. His father was a Rabbit trapper with Albert taking up this trade on leaving school. In 1911 the family were living at Ivyhouse, Broadwood. There is no military record for him.

F. Down
There is little information available other than he joined the Royal Navy.

W. Down
There is little information available other than he joined the Royal Navy.

Fred Furse O
Fred was born in 1896 to Mr and Mrs T. Furse at Werrington. The family were living at Thorndon, Broadwood in 1916. He enlisted with the Royal Dublin Fusiliers (Regimental No. 13661) . He served through the Gallipoli campaign. He was killed in action on the 26th of August 1916. He is buried at the Valley Cottages Cem. Mem. E. 2.

George Hocking
George was born in 1882 to William and Eliza Hocking Broadwood. His father was a Wood ranger. In 1901 George was working for Mrs. Charity Worden at West Week Barton, Broadwood as a Farm Horseman. He enlisted with the Royal Navy (Service No. 298787) on the 7th of October 1907. He served aboard many ships including during the war ‘HMS Diana’, ‘HMS Challenger’, and finally ‘HMS Leopard’ of the ‘HMS Wallington’ which was the Auxilliary Patrol base at Grimsby. He was demobbed on the 18th of October 1924.

S. Lake
There is little information available other than he joined Kitchener’s Army.

George Lyle
There is little information available other than he joined the Territorials.

Frederick Samuel Mayne
Frederick was born in 1888 to William and Mary Mayne at St. Giles on the Heath. His father was an Agricultural Labourer. In 1911 he is living with his wife Elizabeth (nee Parsons) and their one year old son William T. in Broadwood village. There is no information on his military record although he could have served with the Machine Gun Corps.

Leonard Melsome O
Leonard was born in 1896 to William and Bertha Melsome in Hendon, Middlesex. His father was a cab driver.
Leonard enlisted with the Gloucestershire Regiment (Regimental No. 13651) as a Private serving with the 8th Service Battalion. He died of his wound on the 7th of July 1916. His mother, Bertha Rundle, now remarried had moved to Thorn Moor, Broadwood at the time of his death.

Roy Algernon Mills
Roy was born in 1897 to Robert Edward and Sarah Jane Mills at Devonport, Plymouth. His father was the Schoolmaster at Ivyhouse School, Broadwood. On leaving school, Roy took up an apprenticeship in Carpentry. He enlisted with the Devonshire Regiment as a Lance Corporal with the 6th Battalion rising to the rank of sergeant. After the war he joined the Royal Navy on the 1st of July 1919 as a joiner before being then transferred to the R.A.F. He married Ethel May Henley of Torquay on the 7th of April 1920 and they set up home in Wallen street, Torquay. He was discharged from the R.A.F. on the 8th of November 1922.

Richard Miller
There is little information available other than he joined the Devonshire Regiment 6th Battalion.

Charles Mitchell
There is little information available other than he joined the Devonshire Regiment 6th Battalion.

Sidney Moon
Sidney was born in 1889 to John and Georgina Moon at Baytree Hill, Liskeard. His father was a gardener. He was a Waggoner and Labourer and in 1911 was living with his brother at Ashmill, Broadwood. There is little military information available other than he joined the Devonshire Regiment 6th Battalion.

Wilfred Nelder O
Wilfred was born in 1893 to William and Sarah Nelder at Plympton. His father was a Publican. In 1911 his father was the publican for the Inn at Blisland. He enlisted (Kitchener’s army) with Royal Devonshire Yeomanry (Regimental No. 2496) but was transferred to the Devonshire Regiment (Regimental No. 345219) He was a Sergeant. I am not sure these details are correct as I cannot find any connection to Broadwood, but it is the only one I can find. He was killed in action on the 2nd of September 1918.

John Oag
John was born on the 10th of February 1886 to James and Mary Oag at Broadwood. His father was a farmer and a JP living at Thorndon House, Greenacombe Moor, Broadwood. His brother was Mr. A. Y. Oag who was the manager of Fox, Fowler and Co’s. Bank in Launceston. He served for three years with the 1st Middlesex Engineers and qualified as a Draughtsman. He emigrated to Canada in 1911 but on the outbreak of war enlisted with the Canadian Engineers (railway) at Montreal serving with the 4th Field Company. Back in this country, John married Dorothy Stinchcombe of Okehampton in January 1917 setting up home at Thrumater, Okehampton. He was a Sergeant at the time and in November 1916 had been mentioned in dispatches for bravery on the field.

Alfred Palmer

alfred-palmer
Alfred was born in 1898 to John and Emma Jane Palmer in Broadwood. His father who had been a Farm Labourer died in 1899. He joined the Devonshire Regiment 6th Battalion but after 18 months training he was discharged as being medically unfit for service but became the agent for the ‘Western Times’ newspaper for the Broadwood district living with his mother at Norton Gate, Broadwood.

John Thomas Palmer O

john-palmer

John is another son of John and Emma Jane Palmer and was born in 1891 at Dubbs Cottage, Broadwood. On leaving school John worked as a Farm Labourer. He enlisted with the Devonshire Regiment (Regimental No.3961) serving with the 6th Battalion. He died whilst serving in India on the 12th of April 1916. He is buried at the Kirkee War Cemetery, Poona, India.

Richard Palmer

richard-palmer

Richard is another son of John and Emma Jane Palmer and was born in 1893 at Morton Cottage, Broadwood. In 1911 he was working for Mr. John Veale of Middlecott farm, Virginstow as a Farm Waggoner. There is little information available other than he joined the Devonshire Regiment 6th Battalion. In 1922 he married Dorice Bassett at Launceston.

William Henry Palmer

william-henry-palmer

William is another son of John and Emma Jane Palmer and was born in 1896 Broadwood. On leaving school William went to work as a Domestic for Mrs’ Nosworthy of Grinnacombe, Broadwood. William joined the Royal Navy (Service No. K22288) on the 8th of August 1914 as a Stoker and served aboard ‘HMS Erin’ during the war. But he continued in the service until 1929 with his final ship being the ‘Emperor of India’.

John Parsons
John was born in 1895 to John and Elizabeth Parsons at Launceston. His father was a Gardener and the family were living at Witheridge Lodge, Broadwood in 1911. On leaving followed into his father profession as a gardener. John initially enlisted with the Devonshire Regiment (Regimental No. 1535) but was transferred to the Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry (Regimental No. 235026). He survived the war and lived until 1974.

Ernest Phillifant
Ernest was born in 1886 to John and Ellen Phillifant at Lifton and was one of nine children. His father was a Roof Thatcher. Ernest enlisted at the beginning of the war initially with the Devonshire Regiment (Regimental No. 7532) but was later transferred to the Machine Gun Corps (Regimental No. 19143). He rose to the rank of Sergeant. He died in 1923.

Thomas Sleeman O
Tom was born in 1882 to Samuel and Mary Ann Sleeman at Broadwood. His father was a farmer. By 1901 Tom was working for Mr. Alex MacBeth at Fernhill, Broadwood as a Carter. He enlisted at Exeter initially with the Devonshire Regiment (Regimental No. 7701) but was transferred to the Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert’s) (Regimental No. 8064) as a Corporal serving with the 8th Battalion.. He was killed in action on the 28th of April 1917 in France.

Harold Squire
Harold was born in 1883 to Thomas and Elizabeth Squire in Broadwood Village. His father was the local Groucer. On leaving school Harold became an Outfitters assistant working for Mrs. Spence of High street, Launceston in 1901. In 1911 he is boarding with Mr. Stanley Tucker of Broad street, Launceston. There is no qualified record for his military service but he did survive the war and was married in 1922 to Margaret Balkwell.

William Titball
William was born in 1886 to William and Elizabeth Titball at Heale, St. Giles on the Heath. His father was an Agricultural Labourer. On leaving school William went to work for Mr. Albert Stenlake at Waterloo farm, North Petherwin as a Cattleboy. By 1911 he was married and living with his wife Beatrice at Carey Cottage, St. Giles on the Heath with their son Reginald William and daughter Beatrice Mary. William was working as a Cowman. The only record of his military service is from the Cornish and Devon Post which stated that he had joined the Territorials.

William JamesTubb 0
William was born in 1881 at Colchester. His father was a Colour Sergeant in the 3rd Battalion of the Devonshire Regiment. Enlisted in the Devonshire Regiment 9 June 1898 aged 17 years and 2 months (Regimental No. 5036) serving as a Private with the 1st Battalion. He was killed in action on the 30th of October 1914 aged 31. His widowed mother was then living at Ashmill, Thorn Moor.

Harry Ward
There is little information available other than he joined the Devonshire Regiment 6th Battalion.

Percy White
There is little information available other than he was part of the Kitchener’s army.

Broadwoodwidger’s Fallen from World War Two.

Charles James Vernon Shopland

charles-james-vernon-shopland-copy

Charles or Vic as he was known, was born on May 6th 1912 at Road Ford, Broadwood to Samuel and Sarah Shopland. In 1940 he married Winnifred Rich at Okehampton. He enlisted with the Royal Army Service Corps as a Driver at Launceston (Regimental No. 220176). While on active service in the Middle East on May 11th 1942, he was drowned (with others) when his boat capsized whilst crossing the Nile. He was buried with military honours in the British Cemetery at Wadi Halfa, Sudan on May 14th 1942.